People

Curtis Noonan

Professor

Contact

Education

Curtis Noonan, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, received his Ph.D. in Environmental Health with a specialization in Epidemiology from Colorado State University in 2000. He is also a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley (B.A., 1989) and the George Washington University (M.A., 1995). After receiving his Ph.D., Curtis worked as an epidemiologist at the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry in Atlanta. In 2004, he was hired in the College of Health Professions and Biomedical Sciences.

Courses Taught

PUBH 510 Introduction to Epidemiology

PHAR 557 Public Health in Pharmacy

PHAR 591 Public Health and Pharamcoeconomics

Research Interests

1. Air pollution exposures and respiratory health. Household air pollution due to biomass combustion has been identified as a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality. Exposed populations in lower income countries are primary drivers of these global heath data, but many vulnerable populations in higher income countries are exposed where biomass is used for residential heating. Since my arrival to the University of Montana in 2004 I have been the Principal Investigator or co-Principal Investigator on several studies, including three NIEHS R01s, of biomass combustion smoke exposures and health outcomes. My scientific contributions in this area have included invited participation on several international expert panels (see Other Experience above).

  1. Giles LV, Barn P, Kuenzli N, Romieu I, Mittleman MA, van Eeden S, Allen R, Carlsten C, Stieb D, Noonan C, Smargiassi A, Kaufman JD, Hajat S, Kosatsky T, Brauer M. From Good Intentions to Proven Interventions: Effectiveness of Actions to Reduce the Health Impacts of Air Pollution. Environ Health Perspect 2011;119:29-36. PMCID: PMC3018496
  2. Noonan CW, Ward TJ, Navidi W, Sheppard L. A rural community intervention targeting biomass combustion sources: effects on air quality and reporting of children’s respiratory outcomes. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2012;69:354-360.
  3. Ward TJ, Semmens EO, Weiler E, Harrar S, Noonan CW. Efficacy of interventions targeting household air pollution from residential wood stoves. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2015. In Press.
  4. Sigsgaard T, Forsberg Bertil, Annesi-Maesano I, Blomberg A, Bølling A, Boman C, Bønløkke J, Brauer M, Bruce N, Héroux Marie-Eve, Hirvonen M, Kelly F, Künzli N, Lundbäck B, Moshammer H, Noonan C, Pagels J, Sallsten G, Sculier J, Brunekreef B. Health impacts of anthropogenic biomass burning in the developed world. European Respiratory Journal 2015. In Press. DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01865-2014.

2. Exposure to elongated mineral fibers and health effects. Libby, Montana, a rural community with a legacy of exposure to amphibole asbestos, was the first Superfund site to be declared a Public Health Emergency by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Since 2005 I have worked with a multi-disciplinary team from several institutions to answer questions about historical exposure characterization and health impacts among both occupationally and environmentally exposed populations. For several studies in this community I have been the primary data analyst on autoimmune, pulmonary function, symptom and radiological outcomes in these populations.

  1. Noonan CW. Exposure matrix development for the Libby cohort. Inhal Tox 2006;18:965-70.
  2. Noonan CW, Pfau JC, Larson TC, Spence MR. Nested Case-Control Study of Autoimmune Disease in an Asbestos-Exposed Population. Environ Health Perspect 2006;114:1243-47.
  3. Pfau JC, Serve K, Noonan C. Autoimmunity and Asbestos Exposure. Autoimmune Diseases 2014:782045. doi: 10.1155/2014/782045. Epub 2014 Apr 29. PMCID: PMC4022069
  4. Noonan CW, Conway K, Landguth EL, McNew T, Linker L, Pfau J, Black B, Szeinuk J, Flores R. Multiple pathway asbestos exposure assessment for a Superfund community. Journal Of Exposure Science And Environmental Epidemiology 2015;25:18-25.

3. Vulnerable communities. I have collaborated on several extramurally-funded community-based participatory research projects focused on diabetes risk factors and health disparities among Northern Plains American Indian tribes, as well as air pollution exposure and health investigations among Native and rural communities.

  1. Brown B, Noonan CW, Nord M. Prevalence of food insecurity and health associated outcomes and food characteristics of Northern Plains Indian households. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 2007;1:37-44.
  2. Noonan CW, Brown BD, Bentley B, Conway K, Corcoran M, FourStar K, Freide P, Hemlock B, Wagner S, Wilson T. Variability in childhood asthma and body mass index across Northern Plains American Indian communities. Journal of Asthma 2010;47:496-500. PMID: 20560824
  3. Brown B, Noonan CW, Harris KJ, Parker M, Wilson T, Gaskill S, Ricci C, Cobbs G, Gress S, Top Sky W. Developing and Piloting the Journey to Native Youth Health Program in Northern Plains Indian Communities. Diabetes Educator 2013;39:109-18.
  4. Vernon Grant V, Hollist D, Noonan C, Swaney G, Harris K, Gaskill S, Brown B. Community-identified strategies to increase physical activity during elementary school recess on an American Indian reservation: A pilot study. Preventive Medicine Reports 2015 (In Press).

4. Biomarkers. In a variety of study settings and research areas I have utilized biomarkers as a tool for characterizing individual-level exposure and health effects.

  1. Noonan CW, Sarasua SM, Campagna D, Kathman SJ, Lybarger JA, Mueller PW. Effects of exposure to low levels of environmental cadmium on renal biomarkers. Environmental Health Perspectives 2002;110:151-5.
  2. Migliaccio CT, Berghauff MA, Palmer CP, Jessop F, Noonan CW, Ward TJ. Urinary Levoglucosan as a Biomarker of Woodsmoke Exposure: Observations in a Mouse Model and in Children. Environ Health Perspect 2009;117:74–79. PMCID: PMC2627869
  3. Bergauff MA, Ward TJ, Noonan CW, Migliaccio CT, Simpson CD, Evanoski1 AR, Palmer CP. Urinary Levoglucosan as a Biomarker for Wood Smoke: Results of Human Exposure Studies. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2010;20:385-92. PMCID: PMC2874078
  4. Ward TJ, Palmer CP, Bergauff M, Jayanty RKM, Noonan CW. Organic/Elemental Carbon And Woodsmoke Tracer Concentrations Following A Community Wide Woodstove Changeout Program. Atmospheric Environment 2011;45:5554-5560.

Field of Study

Population-based research of inhalation exposures and respiratory health.